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Amibagyl

Afrab-Chem Ltd
No. 22, Abimbola Street, Isolo Industrial Estate, Isolo, P.O. Box 1647, Lagos, Nigeria.
Email: info@afrabchem.com
Tel: 234-1-2700057
Fax: 234-1-4520328
Website: http://afrabchem.com/

Brand Name

Amibagyl

Manufacturer

Afrab Chem Ltd, 22 Abimbola Street, Isolo Ind. Estate, Isolo, Lagos

Therapeutic Class

Antibacterial, Nitroimidazole

Dosage Form, Composition & NAFDAC Registration Number (NRN)

Tablet (NRN:04-2043): Metronidazole BP 200 mg

How to identify the Product: Off white scored tablet marked 'AFRAB'.

Pack size: 1000's; 10 x 10 's

 

Suspension (NRN:04-0218): Benzoyl Metronidazole equivalent to Metronidazole BP 200 mg per 5 mL.

Pack size: 60 mL.

amibagyl suspension

Pharmacology

Metronidazole is a 5-nitroimidazole derivative with activity against anaerobic protozoa and anaerobic bacteria; it also has a radiosensitising effect on hypoxic tumour cells. It is active against several protozoa including Balantidium coli, Blastocystic hominis, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis and Trichomonas vaginalis.

Metronidazole is bactericidal against anaerobic bacteria including Bacteroides and Clostridum species, Gardenerella vaginalis, Campylobacter species and against some Spirochaetes.

Amibagyl acts by penetrating into the cell of the micro-organism and subsequent damage of DNA strands or inhibition of their synthesis.

Indications

Treatment of susceptible protozoal infection and in the treatment and prophylaxis of anaerobic bacterial infection.

The uses are as follows: Bacterial vaginosis (non-specific vaginitis), Necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (Vincent's Infection), Giardiasis, Pseudo-membranous colitis, Intestinal amoebiasis, Dracontiasis (Guinea worm infection), Inflammatory bowel disease. As an adjunct to the radiotherapy of malignant neoplasms.

Contra-indications

Metronidazole tablets are contraindicated in patients with a prior history of hypersensitivity to Metronidazole or other nitroimidazole derivatives.

In patients with trichomoniasis, Metronidazole tablets are contraindicated during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Precautions/Warnings

Amibagyl should be given with care in patients with blood dyscrasias or with active disease of the central nervous system. Doses should be reduced in patients with severe liver disease. The use of Amibagyl should be avoided in pregnancy and during lactation.

Interactions

When used in conjuction with alcohol, Metronidazole provokes a disulfiram-like reaction.

It potentiates the activity of oral anticoagulants. Acute psychosis has been associated with the concomitant administration of Metronidazole with disulfram.

Adverse Effects

The adverse effects are dose related. The most common are GI disturbances especially nausea and an unpleasant metallic taste. Nausea is sometimes accompanied by headache, anorexia and vomiting.

High doses or prolonged treatment with Amibagyl may lead to peripheral neuropathy usually presenting as numbness or tingling of the extremities; weakness, dizziness, ataxia, drowsiness. Insomnia and changes in mood or mental state such as depression.

Dosage & Administration

Indications Adults Children Duration
 1-3 years  4-10 years
 Intestinal  amoebiasis  2 - 4 tablets 3 times daily  2.5-5 mL 4  times daily   5-10 mL 4  times daily  5-10  days
 Bacterial  vaginosis  2 tablets 2 times daily or  10 tablets at once - -  7 days
 Anaerobic  infections  2 tablets 3 times daily    1 tablet 3  times daily  7 days

Storage/Handling Recommendations

Keep in a cool dry place and away from the reach of Children.

Review Date

2017-09-18 07:53:58